Censor.NET informs citing report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) on the situation of human rights in Ukraine based on the work of the United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (HRMMU), which covers the
period between Aug. 16 and Nov.15, 2015.
HRMMU recorded at least 29,830 casualties (Ukrainian armed forces, civilians and members of the armed groups) in the armed conflict area of eastern Ukraine, including at least 9,098 killed and at least 20,732 injured.
The report reads: "The number of civilian casualties recorded by HRMMU between Aug. 16 and Nov.15, 2015 was 178 (47 deaths and 131 injured). This is a 232 per cent decrease compared to the previous reporting period (May 16 - Aug. 15) when 413 civilian casualties (105 killed and 308 injured) were recorded. Explosive remnants of war and improvised explosive devices caused 52 per cent of all civilian casualties during the reporting period, underscoring the urgent need for extensive mine clearance and mine awareness actions on both sides of the contact line.
"The 'ceasefire within the ceasefire'4 agreed upon in Minsk on 26 August 2015 led to a considerable decrease in the hostilities, especially in September and October. The withdrawal of certain heavy weapons by the Ukrainian military and the armed groups contributed to a significant reduction of civilian casualties. In the first half of November, however, increasing skirmishes occurred along the contact line, including with the use of artillery systems. Alarming reports of the gradual re-escalation of hostilities in some particular flashpoints, especially around the city of Donetsk, have raised fears that there could be a resumption of indiscriminate shelling of populated areas, which previously plagued the conflict zone.
"Serious human rights abuses against the population residing in the territories controlled by the self-proclaimed 'Donetsk people's republic'6 and the self-proclaimed 'Luhansk people's republic'7 continued to be reported, with new allegations of killings, torture and ill-treatment, illegal detention and forced labour received by HRMMU. Local residents continued to remain without any effective protection of their rights. Places of detention maintained by the armed groups remained virtually inaccessible for independent oversight, and international organizations, including HRMMU, did not have access to detainees.
"At times, it was not possible for HRMMU to access areas, where violations or abuses of human rights have reportedly been taking place, for security reasons," the report reads.