The agreement between Ukraine and the Netherlands on international legal cooperation regarding crimes related to the downing of flight MH17 on July 17, 2014 provides that the central authorities in Ukraine through which requests for legal assistance will be sent are the Prosecutor General's Office and the Justice Ministry and those in the Netherlands will be Minister of Security and Justice.
The agreement notes that the Netherlands has the competence to prosecute individuals for crimes related to the crash and for this purpose Ukraine can transfer criminal proceedings on the basis of the European Convention on the Transfer of Proceedings in Criminal Matters, including at the request of the Netherlands.
According to the agreement, those accused who stay in Ukraine and whose extradition to the Netherlands was denied can take part in judicial proceedings in the Netherlands via a videoconference.
The agreement determines the procedure for organizing judicial review via a videoconference, as well as giving testimony of witnesses and experts in this mode. The agreement also provides for the execution of punishment for a person with Ukrainian citizenship, who stays in Ukraine. The agreement determines the format of the request for transfer of execution, as well as the procedure for taking a person into custody.
The agreement notes that the execution of punishment in Ukraine is carried out in accordance with Ukrainian legislation, and the execution of punishment in Ukraine terminates the execution of punishment in the Netherlands. The agreement determines the procedure for organizing and calculating the term of serving a sentence for crimes related to the shooting down of the aircraft.
Censor.NET has been reporting about the investigation of the crash investigation progress and published exclusive photos of the hangar and the submunitions of Russian missile Buk-M1-2, featured in the criminal investigation. Prosecutor's Offices of the Netherlands and Australia have prepared convincing evidence. It was established that submunitions that hit the Boeing exactly match those from the warhead of the latest Russian anti-aircraft missile Buk-M1-2. The system was developed in 1997, put into service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 1998, and was never delivered to Ukraine. In addition, independent experts from Germany, England and Poland studied the fragments of the debris and concluded they were part of a Russian Buk missile. Modern chemical analysis has identified the composition of the metal and found parts of the glass and skin of the same downed Boeing that had been cut by these elements prior to hitting the people.
In November 2015, President Poroshenko visited the Netherlands and said that Ukraine was employing its membership in the U.N. Security Council for investigation of the MH17 tragedy.
In May 2016, Australian law firm LHD filed a lawsuit against Russia and Russian President Vladimir Putin to the European Court for Human Rights on behalf of relatives of those killed in the Malaysian Boeing MH17. The lawsuit names Putin as accused defendant and demands $10 million for each killed passenger.
On May 24, 2018, Joint Investigation Team said it managed to ascertain that the BUK system used to bring down MH17 was in service with the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Namely, it belonged to the 53rd anti-aircraft missile brigade based in the city of Kursk, the Russian Federation.